Volume 11, Issue 1, 2019


Authors: Kenichi SHIMAMOTO

EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON THE DETERMINANTS OF URBAN PARKS

Abstract: Urban parks play an important role in enhancing the lifestyle of the community by providing functions which support the environment, safety, health and well-being. This paper examines the determining factors for the development of urban parks, taking into consideration the supply side and demand side factors and past conditions of urban parks. Japan prefecture level data between 2001 and 2014 were applied to a panel data analysis. The results found that, for the supply side factors, the share of gross production by the construction industry and the financial strength of the local government, and, for the demand side factors, the preference towards the environment, health, well-being and safety, all have impact on the urban park area per capita at a statistically significant level.

Key words: urban parks, financial strength of local government, preference, share of gross production by construction industry.

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